Slovenia is one of the leading countries in Europe in terms of the level of ecological farming development. The share of organic crop production and animal husbandry increases from year to year, but has not yet reached the indicators of 2012 and 2013.
The total number of ecological farms in Slovenia has been growing over the past 10 years. In 2012–2013, the number of organic producers increased by more than 10%. However, later the growth rate began to slow down and in 2016 amounted to only 3%.
In general, 80% of agricultural lands in Slovenia is intended to grow forages for livestock. For 11 years (since 2006), their area has grown 7 times. The area of lands for growing organic grapes has tripled. The area of arable lands and gardens has more than doubled.
In 2016, as compared to 2015, the area of lands for growing olives increased as well. The area of lands intended for organic gardening and viticulture has expanded by almost 10%.
At the average annual level, poultry farming is the most developing branch of animal husbandry, which uses organic methods. In general, poultry bred through organic methods is used for the production of eggs rather than meat. A fifth more apiaries have appeared. However, organic sheep breeding became the only category of animal husbandry, where the livestock population decreased as compared to 2010.
The most common organic vegetable crops include fodder crops from permanent pastures, green forage from arable lands and grains, which together represent 2/3 of the organic crops grown in Slovenia. More than 1% of organic plant production falls on the share of fruit and melon crops, root and tuber crops, and grapes.
As compared to 2012 and 2015, organic cultivation of mushrooms has increased substantially, which, however, makes only 0.02% in the total structure of organic crop growing.
Regarding the ecologically pure products of animal origin, in comparison with 2012, the production of table eggs has increased significantly. Over the past 5 years, milk production has increased by almost 50% and meat production has grown by 10%. Honey remains the only organic product, the production of which has decreased for the last 5 years.
Beef is leading in the category of meat organic products in Slovenia. However, the volume of its production, as compared to 2012, has decreased. The production of horsemeat and lamb has decreased even more markedly. However, the production of three types of organic milk (cow, goat and sheep) has improved.