Slovenia is a country in the south-central Europe nestled between Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia. The country has its own access to the Adriatic Sea and the Alps. Virtually the whole territory of Slovenia is located on the uplands and is famous for its picturesque landscapes. Most of the country is covered with forests and crossed with rivers.
The climate here is fairly mild thanks to the influence of the Adriatic Sea and the Alps, which stand in the way of the cold northern winds and retain warm southern air masses. In the centre and north of the country, the climate is temperate continental with hot summers and cool winters. The coast is dominated by the subtropical climate of the Mediterranean type. The eastern part of the country is characterized by mild winters. Though the temperature often drops below freezing, the snow here is much smaller and melts pretty quickly. Spring and autumn are the seasons of heavy rainfalls.
Average Temperatures and Precipitation Values
|Seacoast Region||Central Region||Eastern Region|
|Winter||10 °С||-2 °С||-6 °С||0 °С|
|Summer||27 °С||19 °C||17 °С||21 °С|
|Precipitations||381 mm/month||950 mm/month||2,000 mm/month||700 mm/month|
Norik, the first ancient state in the territory of modern Slovenia, was founded by Celtic tribes. Approximately in the II century BC, the Romans started penetrating this territory. They built roads, along which the first towns were growing. Emona was the largest of them. It was founded on the territory of modern Ljubljana. In the VI century AD, the first Slavic settlements appeared. The Slavs came from the Carpathians. In the VII century AD, they founded the oldest Slavic state Carantania and a number of other principalities. Soon, however, the ancestors of the Slovenes lost their independence and for more than 1,000 years lived under the Austrian rule. After the First World War, these territories became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and were soon occupied by Germany and Italy during the World War II. The war resulted in the disintegration of the Kingdom, and Slovenia became part of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In fact, it was under the dominion of the Soviet Union. At the same time, it enjoyed a broad cultural and economic autonomy. In 1991, based on the results of the referendum, Slovenia gained independence, and in 2004 joined the European Union.
Today the territory of Slovenia is 20,273 sq. km. The population of the country is as big as 2 million people. The capital is located in the picturesque town of Ljubljana. Official language is Slovenian, but the proximity of Austria, Italy, Croatia and Hungary makes the languages of these countries widely prevalent in the border areas. Almost half the population understands German, and the majority of the Slovenes speak English.
Euro is the official currency. Slovenia is an industrial country with a dynamically developing economy, which ranks the 25th place in the world in terms of life quality. The average salary is about 1 thousand euros per month. The majority of the country’s population are Catholics. The Slovenian culture is inherent in the hospitality and cordiality. People here are very responsive and responsible.